18th C Quiz
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18th Century Quiz (follow some of the links...they do work!)

  1. Which of the following most directly relates to the joining of Scotland to England and Wales in 1707 to form the new state of Great Britain? the Act of Union
  2. What happened in 1707 that would forever alter the relationship between England, Wales, and Scotland? the Act of Union
  3. Which of the following was a major factor in the unprecedented economic wealth of Great Britain during the eighteenth century? the exploitation of colonial resources, labor, and the slave trade
  4. What was the effect of the Restoration of 1660? the return of Charles Stuart to England
  5. What was "restored" in 1660? the monarchy, in the person of Charles II
  6. What literary work best captures a sense of the political turmoil, particularly regarding the issue of religion, just after the Restoration? Dryden's Absalom and Achitophel
  7. Charles II's Exclusion Bill dissolved Parliament and effectively divided the country into which two political parties? the Tories and the Whigs
  8. The crisis over the Exclusion Bill effectively divided the country into which two political parties? Tories and the Whigs
  9. Who ascended the British throne during the Glorious, or Bloodless, Revolution in 1688? William and Mary
  10. Who was deposed from the English throne in the Glorious, or Bloodless, Revolution in 1688? James II
  11. Who became the first "prime minister" of Great Britain under the reign of George II? Robert Walpole
  12. Butler, Dryden, and Rochester were among the thinkers who followed the doctrine of which philosopher of skepticism who argued that knowledge derives from our senses, but the inaccuracy of our senses makes reliable knowledge impossible to achieve? Montaigne
  13. Which of the following best describes the doctrine of empiricism? All knowledge is derived from experience.
  14. In the late seventeenth century, a "battle of the books" erupted between which two groups? champions of ancient and modern learning
  15. Against which of the following principles did Jonathan Swift inveigh? abstract logical deductions, metaphysics, & theoretical science
  16. Whose great English Dictionary, published in 1755, included more than fifteen hundred illustrations and 114,000 quotations? Samuel Johnson
  17. Whose great Dictionary, published in 1755, included more than 114,000 quotations? Samuel Johnson
  18. According to Samuel Johnson, "No man but a blockhead ever wrote except for...: money."
  19. What drove William Cowper to break down and become a recluse? the conviction that he was damned forever
  20. Whose Tatler and Spectator produced and reflected an urbane social ideal, an intellectual life in which middle-class people could mingle? Addison and Steele
  21. Who popularized a doctrine of natural goodness, suggesting that civilization corrupts and that if we live in a state of nature, like "noble savages," we might retain a childlike innocence and virtue? Rousseau
  22. Which of the following groups of authors grappled with the problems of how to stay true to their own core feelings in spite of social experiences as n in eighteenth-century Britain? Anne Finch, Lady Mary Worthley Montagu, and Frances Burney
  23. Which of the following women exposed themselves to scandal by writing racy stories for the popular press? Aphra Behn, Delarivier Manley, and Eliza Haywood
  24. Under what name did the literature produced in England that emulated the Roman poets Virgil, Horace, and Ovid? Augustan
  25. Horace's doctrine "ut pictura poesis" was interpreted to mean: Poetry ought to be a visual as well as a verbal art.
  26. Alexander Pope's Eloisa and Abelard begins by picturing which two rival female personifications? heavenly-pensive contemplation and ever-musing melancholy
  27. Which metrical form was Pope said to have brought to perfection? the heroic couplet
  28. What was most frequently considered a source of pleasure and an object of inquiry by Augustan poets? Nature
  29. What word did writers in this period use to express quickness of mind, inventiveness, a knack for conceiving images and metaphors and for perceiving resemblances between things apparently unlike? wit
  30. Which of the following was described by its author as a "comic epic-poem in prose"? Fielding's Joseph Andrews
  31. Which of the following was probably not a stock phrase in eighteenth-century poetry? simian rivalry (these were: bounding main, shining sword, checkered shade &verdant mead) (Stock Phrase - is a spoken phrase which has little if any actual meaning of its own (a Phatic expression); it carries meaning only through custom or context)
  32. For which of the following poetic genres was blank verse generally not considered a good medium in the eighteenth century? love poems
  33. Who is considered to have brought England a modern literature between 1660 and 1700 that combined a cosmopolitan outlook on the latest European trends with some of the richness of Chaucer and Shakespeare? Which poet, critic and translator brought England a modern literature between 1660 and 1700?  Dryden
  34. Which of the following is not an example of Restoration comedy? Marlowe's Doctor Faustus (these might be: Congreve's Love for Love, Behn's The Rover, Wycherley's The Country Wife, Etherege's The Man of Mode
  35. Which group of intellectual women established literary clubs of their own around 1750 under the leadership of Elizabeth Montagu? the bluestockings
  36. Which work exposes the frivolity of fashionable London? Pope's The Rape of the Lock
  37. What London locale, where many poor writers lived, became synonymous with hacks and scandal mongers? Grub Street
  38. With its forbidden themes of incest, murder, necrophilia, atheism, and torments of sexual desire, Horace Walpole's Castle of Otranto, created which literary genre? the Gothic romance
  39. Which of the following is not generally considered a Gothic romance? Tobias Smollett's Roderick Randsom (these were: William Godwin's Caleb Williams, Ann Radcliffe's The Italian, Matthew Lewis's The Monk, William Beckford's Vathek)
  40. While compiling what sort of book did Samuel Richardson conceive of the idea for his Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded? a book of model letters
  41. Henry Fielding's Joseph Andrews parodies Samuel Richardson's Pamela, but takes its model from what work of continental literature? Cervantes's Don Quixote
  42. Who wrote The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, a novel that abandons clock time for psychological time? Laurence Sterne
  43. Who was the ancient Gaelic warrior-bard considered by Napoleon and Thomas Jefferson to have been greater than Homer? Ossian